7 Automation Testing Tools to Explore in 2022
The field of software testing is constantly evolving and the need for automated testing is increasing day by day. With the rise of mobile apps, web apps, and internet penetration in home appliances, the need for automated testing tools has increased dramatically.
Testers have to deal with a huge load and customer expectations, which is why automation testing tools have become an essential part of the software development lifecycle. Automated testing tools help reduce overall software testing life cycle (STLC) time and also help eliminate human error.
An automation testing tool is an automated framework that performs functional regression or acceptance testing. The tool executes the test cases based on user inputs and a set of predefined parameters.
Automated testing tools make it easy to repeatedly run manual tests without any human effort. It has the ability to handle multiple platforms, browsers and operating systems without any modification of scripts. It has the ability to report auto-generated bugs while running the test cases along with screenshots of every step failure recorded.
The Automation Testing Tool provides greater coverage across different browsers, platforms, etc., helping to speed up the testing process with fewer errors.
Some of the testing tools may be open source or free, while others may be proprietary or a paid software tool. It all depends on what you need to accomplish and if you are willing to pay for any tool.
If you are looking for the best automation testing tools, you may need to choose based on your needs and then check out the available options.
The list of automation tools for testing is not getting shorter. There are various new automation testing tools on the market. Let’s see what could be the best tools to explore in 2022.
Selenium is a portable software testing framework for web applications. Selenium provides a record/playback tool for creating tests without the need to learn a test scripting language (Selenese).
Selenium tests are written with WebDriver, a software testing framework. WebDriver is an implementation of the W3C WebDriver specification. WebDriver is cross-platform, written in Java and released under the Apache 2.0 license.
The tests are written using the Selenese language, a non-proprietary Domain Specific Language (DSL) for expressing the tests without the need for programming skills. The tests can be run on most modern web browsers and do not rely on any browser plug-in technology. Tests can be run standalone or in third-party continuous integration environments such as Hudson/Jenkins, Bamboo, TeamCity and others. It supports:
- Reading and parsing HTML and XML.
- Access and update dynamic content.
- Test elements by their id, name or class.
- Locating elements on the page using XPath or CSS3 selectors.
Appium is an open source framework for automating native, hybrid, and mobile web applications on iOS and Android. It drives the application using the WebDriver API.
It was originally developed by Luke Klinker in 2012 while he was an engineering intern at ThoughtWorks. The project quickly became a separate entity, the development of which is currently managed by the Appium Foundation. A community of contributors from around the world continually improves Appium and its documentation through open source collaboration.
The same application can be tested on multiple platforms by writing a single set of test scripts. It supports all native, hybrid and mobile web application frameworks including but not limited to Cordova, Xamarin, React Native, Ionic, PhoneGap and React JS.
Mobile apps are tested to simulate real-world use better than any other approach. Developers can simulate customer interactions, record videos of the process, replay scenarios, and log all events. The approach is so effective that it has become the standard for mobile application testing today.
Appium works with all major programming languages including Java, C.
Katalon Studio is an automated testing environment for mobile and web apps that supports API, web and native mobile app testing. It works on top of Selenium and Appium, simplifying API, web and mobile automation testing. It can be integrated with a variety of other tools such as JIRA, qTest, Kobiton, Git, Slack, etc.
It offers a simple user interface with predefined test templates for different types of tests that uses a drag and drop approach to create test cases. Katalon Studio comes with features like recording sessions and improving the productivity of test engineers who create automation scripts.
Katalon Studio is available in cloud and on-premise versions. The cloud version is a SaaS platform that allows for easy deployment and configuration. The on-premises version runs on any Windows machine where Katalon Studio is installed.
Cucumber is an open-source behavior-driven development (BDD) tool. It has an impressive list of users, including PayPal and Canon, and supports multiple languages. Used by 20% of testers, Cucumber only supports the web environment. It was designed with the philosophy of providing an enhanced user experience.
Cucumber was built at ThoughtWorks and is released under the Apache 2.0 License. Cucumber supports multiple programming languages such as Java, .Net, and Ruby. With a variety of syntaxes like Gherkin, easyB, and JBehave, it lets you write your BDD requirements in a more user-friendly way.
Testers can create great end-user experiences with Cucumber because it allows them to express scenarios in simple language that business stakeholders can easily read and understand without having technical knowledge.
Ranorex is a desktop, web and mobile automation tool. It is an all-in-one solution allowing teams to test their software across multiple platforms and browsers from a central location. Ranorex is specially designed to record, test and report interactions with browser-based applications such as WEB, WAP and mobile applications.
Testers can record tests using the recording wizard or using the intuitive GUI recorder. Once saved, tests can be edited and debugged as needed. Ranorex also provides manual testers with point-and-click functionality to perform most actions on the application under test.
Results reports are automatically generated in HTML or XML format and can be customized according to your needs. With Ranorex test automation scripts, you can reduce the costs associated with manual testing, improve product quality through increased test coverage, and speed development time by eliminating repeated test cycles.
Watir is actually an abbreviation of “Web Automation Testing in Ruby”. It is one of the most popular automated web application testing tools, mainly used for regression testing of an application. Watir is part of the Selenium family.
The main purpose behind the development of Watir was to write test cases and it is still used for this purpose by many software developers.
It not only automates tasks but also validates data and other features of the web application. The most important thing about Watir is that it supports all languages and technologies, which means you don’t have to modify code or create new libraries for testing purposes. Moreover, it is an open source tool, which means that you can modify it according to your needs.
LambdaTest lets you automate any web or mobile application test on a cloud-based platform. It’s a reliable, secure and scalable solution that helps you save time and money.
LambdaTest offers a number of features that make it the right choice for your automation needs. You can easily integrate it with your CI servers like Jenkins or Bamboo, or any other CI server of your choice. You can also use LambdaTest in parallel execution mode to run tests in parallel, this will help you run test cases faster and reduce your run test cycle.
Testers can easily create and manage test suites, test cases, record/playback sessions, and environments on the LambdaTest platform. They can also define parallel execution parameters, including execution configurations, datasets, environment variables, etc., for each test case and suite.
LambdaTest offers over 3000 real devices for all Selenium testing, which means testers can test their apps across different browsers on different real devices without incurring any charges.
The traditional method of testing does not work in this newly competitive market, especially in 2022. The old test models were created when the world was different. There were no agile methodologies, no distributed teams, and no shortage of skilled resources. Today, businesses around the world are adopting agile methodologies to survive in these competitive markets. These methodologies require testing to be performed throughout the software development life cycle.
Testers should adopt the automation tools mentioned above to help them test faster and with better quality. These tools can help automate the testing process and make it faster, more efficient, and more cost-effective.
Apart from the list mentioned above, there is a plethora of other tools that target different types of tests. Some of them are open source automation tools, while others are licensed. However, the choice of test automation tools depends entirely on business needs, but with one goal: quality software at speed.