Linux is one of the most popular and influential operating systems in the world. After significant improvements over the years, Linux is now user friendly enough to replace Windows on PCs. However, the Linux operating system is much different than Windows and macOS, with several distributions available to choose from.
Ubuntu and Fedora are two of the most popular Linux distros, and today we’re going to see how they stack up against each other in 2021. Read on to see what sets the two distros apart and our recommendation for. Linux experts for 2021.
An overview of Fedora and Ubuntu
If you are a Linux user, you are no stranger to Ubuntu. Canonical Ltd. developed Ubuntu as an open source Linux operating system based on Debian. Ubuntu is available for desktops, servers, and Core – a one-stop distribution for Internet of Things (IoT) devices.
Ubuntu receives a new release every six months, and each Long Term Support (LTS) release is released every two years. In addition to regular releases, Canonical provides support and security updates for all versions of Ubuntu through their End of Life (EOL) date.
Fedora is an open-source, community-supported distribution created by Fedora Project and is primarily sponsored by Red Hat – a subsidiary of IBM. The Fedora Linux distribution is currently available in five different editions. the Workplace and Server editions are the most common editions. The main objective of the CoreOS the edition is on cloud computing, while the Silverblue The edition focuses on IoT and container-based workflows.
Installing Linux was a hectic chore in the early days, but installing the Linux operating system in a virtual machine or dual boot is easier than ever. Ubuntu and Fedora are easy to install in terms of installation, but there are a few factors that set them apart.
Fedora uses an Anaconda installer similar to other Red Hat operating systems. Anaconda is a very powerful and flexible installer with a user-friendly interface. You can easily go for a relatively simple installation without any customization.
Otherwise, if you want to customize your setup, you can customize almost any configuration. It also allows you to install prearranged software packages that make your Linux system ready for use from the moment it starts.
Ubuntu, by comparison, has a much simpler interface that streamlines the once hectic installation process. If you want to install Ubuntu as a dual boot operating system, it will automatically detect the existing operating system and configure the installation process accordingly.
Another essential feature of the installation process on Ubuntu is ready to install third party codes and updates. The highlight for us, however, is the simplicity of Ubuntu’s installation interface. Even a Linux newbie can install their new operating system with just a few clicks.
Overall, installing both Fedora and Ubuntu is relatively easy, but we prefer the Ubuntu installation process because of its streamlined and streamlined user interface.
The Package Manager keeps track of the software installed on your system and allows you to easily install, update, and remove software. Ubuntu and Fedora’s package managers, while very efficient, are quite different from each other. Packages in Ubuntu are in the DEB format, while Fedora packages are in a RPM package format.
Like its Debian ancestor, Ubuntu uses the Advanced Package Tool (APT). As one of the largest and most powerful Linux package managers, APT is one of the main reasons Ubuntu is such a popular Linux distribution. This package manager allows you to access and install Ubuntu’s vast software repositories with a single command line instruction.
Fedora uses the DNF package manager, a significant improvement over the old Yellowdog update manager or simply Yum. DNF is widely regarded as the next generation package manager for Linux RPM distributions. To install packages using the DNF Package Manager on Fedora, you will need to issue the dnf order.
A sleek and transparent user interface is essential for any modern operating system. Fedora and Ubuntu, by default, use the GNOME desktop environment. The default desktop environment on Ubuntu and Fedora is very well designed and friendly to non-programmers.
If the default look doesn’t appeal to you, you can easily customize the desktop environment from a wide range of choices available. Desktop environment variants are known as “Flavors” on Ubuntu, and popular flavors are Xubuntu and Kubuntu. Fedora refers to different desktop environments as “Spins”; we strongly recommend that you try the KDE Plasma desktop environment.
There isn’t much that sets Fedora and Ubuntu apart in terms of desktop UI, as both use the GNOME desktop and provide plenty of alternative desktop environments.
Release cycles are an integral part of the Fedora or Ubuntu argument. These two operating systems receive a new version every six months.
Canonical is very punctual with releases and their updates are primarily aimed at desktop users. They support long-term versions up to five years and release them every two years. LTS versions are intended for servers and workstations and typically receive bug fixes and security updates rather than traditional upgrades.
Fedora, on the other hand, is infamous for releasing updates later than expected. Their versions tend to include the latest software, which can sometimes be unstable. Support for Fedora updates only lasts thirteen months after their release. Their versions are usually larger, so if you don’t have a fast internet connection, you may find the update quite inconvenient.
In terms of release cycles, Ubuntu takes the lead because of its consistent and reliable releases. Ubuntu also offers release support for a longer duration compared to Fedora.
Which is better: Fedora or Ubuntu?
Fedora and Ubuntu are great Linux distros and have their pros and cons, but in 2021 we believe Ubuntu is the best choice if you want something stable for your desktop.
Ubuntu has a stronger support community, consistent releases offering quality upgrades, and a large software repository that meets almost any developer need. Even though Ubuntu is not the most accessible Linux distribution, it is still a quality distribution with the most notoriety.
Fedora should be the obvious choice for developers of Red Hat systems, but the whole ecosystem is better suited for servers and workstations.
The new beta version of Fedora 34 has been released with the latest features and improvements. Now may be the time to switch to Fedora.
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